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Generating data URLs in JavaScript

Generating data URLs in JavaScript

How to generate data URLs in JavaScript?

Published on by Anton Vasetenkov
Updated on

All data URLs (also known as data URIs) begin with data:, followed by the media type string (which can be omitted) and the data itself.

Below are some examples of data URLs and ways to generate them.

text/plain data

const data = 'Hello World!'

text/plain data, base64 encoding

const data = 'Hello World!'
console.log(`data:text/plain;charset=utf-8;base64,${btoa(unescape(encodeURIComponent(data)))}`) // Browser
console.log(`data:text/plain;charset=utf-8;base64,${Buffer.from(data).toString('base64')}`) // Node.js

text/html data, base64 encoding

const data = '<b>Hello World!</b>'
console.log(`data:text/html;charset=utf-8;base64,${btoa(unescape(encodeURIComponent(data)))}`) // Browser
console.log(`data:text/html;charset=utf-8;base64,${Buffer.from(data).toString('base64')}`) // Node.js

image/svg+xml data, base64 encoding

const data =
    `<?xml version="1.0"?>
    <svg xmlns="" height="100" width="100">
        <circle cx="50" cy="50" r="20" fill="yellow" />
console.log(`data:image/svg+xml;charset=utf-8;base64,${btoa(unescape(encodeURIComponent(data)))}`) // Browser
console.log(`data:image/svg+xml;charset=utf-8;base64,${Buffer.from(data).toString('base64')}`) // Node.js

See also

What are data URLs?
The ins and outs of data URLs.

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