IPA Chart

The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation. It contains symbols for all the sounds that can be arranged in a chart.

Browse the IPA chart

Vowels
i
y
ɨ
ʉ
ɯ
u
ɪ
ʏ
ʊ
e
ø
ɘ
ɵ
ɤ
o
ə
ɛ
œ
ɜ
ɞ
ʌ
ɔ
æ
ɐ
a
ɶ
ɑ
ɒ
Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a rounded vowel.
Consonants (pulmonic)
Bilabial
Labiodental
Dental
Alveolar
Postalveolar
Retroflex
Palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Glottal
Plosive
p
b
t
d
ʈ
ɖ
c
ɟ
k
g
q
ɢ
ʔ
Nasal
m
ɱ
n
ɳ
ɲ
ŋ
ɴ
Trill
ʙ
r
ʀ
Tap or flap
ɾ
ɽ
Fricative
ɸ
β
f
v
θ
ð
s
z
ʃ
ʒ
ʂ
ʐ
ç
ʝ
x
ɣ
χ
ʁ
ħ
ʕ
h
ɦ
Lateral fricative
ɬ
ɮ
Approximant
ʋ
ɹ
ɻ
j
ɰ
Lateral approximant
l
ɭ
ʎ
ʟ
Symbols to the right in a cell are voiced, to the left are voiceless. Shaded areas denote articulations judged impossible.
Consonants (non-pulmonic)
ʘ
Bilabial click
ǀ
Dental click
ǃ
(Post)alveolar click
ǂ
Palatoalveolar click
ǁ
Alveolar lateral click
ɓ
Bilabial voiced implosive
ɗ
Dental/alveolar voiced implosive
ʄ
Palatal voiced implosive
ɠ
Velar voiced implosive
ʛ
Uvular voiced implosive
k
Ejective
Other symbols
ʍ
Voiceless labial-velar fricative
w
Voiced labial-velar approximant
ɥ
Voiced labial-palatal approximant
ʜ
Voiceless epiglottal fricative
ʢ
Voiced epiglottal fricative
ʡ
Epiglottal plosive
ɕ
Voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative
ʑ
Voiced alveolo-palatal fricative
ɺ
Voiced alveolar lateral flap
ɧ
Simultaneous [ʃ] and [x]
Diacritics
n
Voiceless
s
Voiced
t
Aspirated
ɔ̹
ɔ
More rounded
ɔ̜
ɔ
Less rounded
u
Advanced
e
Retracted
e
Centralized
e
Mid-centralized
n
Syllabic
e
Non-syllabic
a
Rhoticity
b
Breathy voiced
b
Creaky voiced
t
Linguolabial
t
Labialized
t
Palatalized
t
Velarized
t
Pharyngealized
l
Velarized or pharyngealized
e
Raised
e
Lowered
e
Advanced tongue root
e
Retracted tongue root
t
Dental
t
Apical
t
Laminal
e
Nasalized
dⁿ
d
Nasal release
d
Lateral release
d
No audible release
Some diacritics may be placed above a symbol with a descender.
Tone registers
e
Extra high
e
High
e
Mid
e
Low
e
Extra low
Downstep
Upstep
Tone contours
e
Rising
e
Falling
e᷄
e
High rising
e᷅
e
Low rising
e᷈
e
Rising-falling
↗︎
Global rise
↘︎
Global fall
Suprasegmentals
ˈ
Primary stress
ˌ
Secondary stress
e
Long
e
Half-long
e
Extra-short
|
Minor (foot) group
Major (intonation) group
.
Syllable break
Linking (absence of a break)

See also

A pronunciation dictionary for the English language.
IPA, phonetics, dictionaries
An online pronunciation dictionary of the Russian language.
IPA, phonetics, linguistics
An online pronunciation dictionary of the Ukrainian language.
IPA, phonetics, linguistics, pronunciation, Ukrainian
Access IPA pronunciation data programmatically via an API.
IPA, phonetics, dictionaries
An online pronunciation dictionary of the Belarusian language.
IPA, phonetics, linguistics
A WASM port of Phonetisaurus.
IPA, g2p, WASM
Discover recently added IPA pronunciations on Wikipedia.
IPA, Wikipedia
Convert English text to phonetics.
IPA, g2p, machine learning
A WASM port of Praat, a program for speech analysis, synthesis, and manipulation.
Praat, WASM, phonetics
An online IPA keyboard.
IPA, Unicode
Type /həˈloʊ/ and listen to the sound of IPA.
IPA, text to speech
View place name pronunciations on a map.
IPA, Mapbox

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